Myanmar flags dating back to the 1300’s

The current flag of Myanmar (formally known as Burma) was adopted on 21/10/2010 to replace the former flag in use since 1974. The new flag was introduced along with implementing changes to the country’s name, which were laid out in the 2008 Constitution.

The design of the flag has three horizontal stripes of yellow, green and red with a five-pointed white star in the middle. The three colours of the stripes are meant to symbolise solidarity, peace and tranquillity, and courage and decisiveness.

Myanmar also Naval Ensign has a white field with a red canton charged with a white five-pointed star with a blue anchor in the lower fly.

Myanmar Naval Ensign

Recent historic flags

The 1948 flag


The two flags used by the country immediately prior to the 2010 flag both originated in the Burmese Resistance, which adopted a red flag with a white star when fighting the occupying Japanese forces during World War II.

The flag adopted upon independence from the United Kingdom on 04/01/1948 consisted of a red field with a blue canton. The blue canton was charged with one large white star, representing the union, surrounded by 5 smaller stars representing the main ethnic groups found within the newly independent state. This flag remained in use until January 1974.

The 1974 flag


The new flag adopted on 3 January 1974 upon the declaration of a socialist republic by Ne Win depicted 14 stars, encircling a gear and a rice plant in a blue-coloured canton against a red field. The rice stands for agriculture, the gear represents industry, and the 14 stars represent each of the 14 member states of the Union. The 14-star flag was hung upside down during the 8888 Uprising of 1988 by the protesters as a sign against the military government.

The 2010 flag


A new design for the national flag was proposed on 10 November 2006 during a constitutional convention. The new flag would have consisted of three equally sized green, yellow, and red horizontal stripes, with a white star in the hoist end of the green stripe.

In September 2007 another new design was proposed, this time with a larger white star in the middle and with the stripes in a different order, namely: yellow, green, red. That same order was used in the flag of the State of Burma during the Japanese occupation of Burma, which featured a green peacock in the centre.

The proposal was a fusion of the flag of the State of Burma without the royal peacock, taking instead the white star that symbolised the Union of Burma in the canton of its flag.

The flag proposed in September 2007 was included in the new constitution, and was accepted with the 2008 referendum. Officials were told to lower the old flag in favour of the new one only shortly before 3:00 p.m. local time on 21 October 2010. Orders were also handed out to ensure all old flags were burned. The adoption of the new flag was announced on state media just prior to the flag changing.

The new flag is a horizontal tricolour flag of yellow, green and red charged with a five-pointed white star in the middle of the field. The yellow represents solidarity; the green symbolises peace, tranquillity and lush greenery; the red represents courage and determination; and the white star stands for the significance of the union of the country.

Older flags of Myanmar/Burma

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Here’s one we made earlier – Flying Colours Flagmakers Limited

The Flag of Mozambique

The current flag of Mozambique was adopted on 01/05/1983. It includes the image of an AK-47 with a bayonet and is the only national flag in the world to feature such a modern rifle.

Colours & Symbolism

The Green stands for the riches of the land, the white fimbriations signify peace, the black represents the African continent, the yellow symbolizes the country’s minerals, and red represents the struggle for independence. The rifle stands for defence and vigilance, the open book symbolizes the importance of education, the hoe represents the country’s agriculture, and the star symbolizes Marxism and internationalism.

Presidential Standards used since 1975


Presidential Standard of the People’s Republic of Mozambique from 1975 -1982.


Presidential Standard of the People’s Republic of Mozambique from 1982 – 1990.


Presidential Standard of the Republic of Mozambique since 1990.

A brief history of flags used in Mozambique

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Sewn Mozambique flag – printed badges – Flying Colours Flagmakers Ltd


Morocco and its flags

The flag of Morocco is constructed of a red field with a central green pentagram with a black fimbriation. Red has considerable historic significance in Morocco, proclaiming the descent of the royal Alaouite family from the Islamic prophet Muhammad via Fatima, the wife of Ali, the fourth Muslim Caliph. Red is also the colour that was used by the Sherifs of Mecca and the Imams of Yemen. From the 17th century on, when Morocco was ruled by the Alaouite Dynasty, the flags of the country were plain red. In 1915, during the reign of Mulay Yusuf, the green interlaced pentangle was added to the national flag. While Morocco was under French and Spanish control, the red flag with the seal in the centre remained in use, but only inland. Its use at sea was prohibited. When independence was restored in 1955, it once again became the national flag.

The red background on the Moroccan flag represents hardiness, bravery, strength and valour, while the green represent the colour of Islam, five-pointed star represents the seal of Solomon.

Morocco has several other official flags in use ranging from Royal flags to Ensigns:

Historical Flags of Morocco

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The Flag of Montenegro

The flag of Montenegro was officially adopted with the Law on the state symbols and the statehood day of Montenegro on 13/07/2004 at the proposal of the government of Montenegro. It was constitutionally sanctioned with the proclamation of the Constitution on 22/09/2007. It is a red banner with broader golden edges all around the red field with the coat of arms of Montenegro in its centre.

The Law on the state symbols and the statehood day of Montenegro reached full effect the day after its publication in the Official Gazette of
Montenegro. The publication occurred 12/07/2004 & the legal power of the Law occurred the day after, on 13/07/2004 – the statehood day of Montenegro.


The flag of Montenegro is red, with the coat of arms in the middle, and golden borders. The ratio of the flag is 1:2. The coat of arms takes up 23 of the flag’s height. The middle point of the coat of arms matches the middle point of the flag. The width of the border is 120 of the flag’s proportions. Two versions of the Montenegrin flag are in use, horizontal, mostly used outdoor; and vertical, mostly used indoor.

Flags of the past

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Mongolian flags dating back till 1911

The Flag of Mongolia consists of three equal bands, of alternating red, blue and red, with the soyombo national symbol centering the first red band, in yellow. The central blue band is described as the eternal blue sky, while the side red bands represent the ability of Mongolia to thrive in its harsh environment. The soyombo is a columnar arrangement of abstract and geometric representations of fire, sun, moon, earth, water, and the Taijitu or Yin-Yang symbol. The current flag was adopted on 12/02/1992, after the transition of Mongolia to a democracy. It is similar to the flag of 1940, except for the removal of the socialist star on top of the Soyombo.

Historical flags of Mongolia

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The Flags of Monaco

The national flag of Monaco is constructed from two equally proportioned horizontal bands of red (top) and white (bottom), both of which have been the heraldic colors of the House of Grimaldi since at least 1339. The present bicolour design was adopted on April 04/04/1881, under Prince Charles III.

Monaco’s original flag, which was similar to its current state flag however it bore an older version of its coat of arms, was in use from the principality’s early days (except during its annexation to France from 1793 to 1814) until the present, simpler design was adopted in 1881.

Another design (below), the banner of the state arms (lozenges in the Grimaldi family colours, in heraldic terms “lozengy argent and gules”), was used at various times, particularly in the 17th century, as an unofficial flag, and still appears in some royal photographs. However, it has no designated use, and does not represent any Monegasque official in particular.


The State flag


Monaco’s state flag, which consists of the full achievement of the coat of arms on a white background with a red line, is flown at government offices, the Prince’s palace, in the presence of government officials, and as an ensign on the Prince’s yacht.

The Princely Standard


The princely standard, which consisted of the Crown of Monaco over two opposing letters A on a white background, is the personal flag of Prince Albert II, and is only used in his immediate presence, particularly on cars in which he travels. It is often seen with a gold fringe on the top, bottom, and right.

There are many flags which are of a similar design, see below for just a few:

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The flag of Moldova & its predecessors

The national flag of Moldova is a vertical tricolour of blue, yellow, and red, charged with the Coat of Arms of Moldova (an eagle holding a shield charged with an aurochs) on the centre bar. The reverse of the flag is a mirror image. The ratio of the flag is 1:2. The national flag of Moldova is used as the ensign, state and war flag.

The blue, yellow and red tricolour of Moldova is almost identical to the flag of Romania, reflecting the two countries’ national and cultural affinity. On Moldova’s flag the yellow stripe is charged with the national arms. Like the Romanian coat of arms. The Moldovan arms, adopted in 1990, features a dark golden eagle holding an Orthodox Christian cross in its beak. Instead of a sword, the eagle is holding an olive branch, symbolizing peace. The blue and red shield on the eagle’s chest is charged with the traditional symbols of Moldova: an aurochs’ head, flanked by a rose at dexter and a crescent at senester, and having a star between its horns, all of gold. These two national flags are also very similar to the flags of Chad and Andorra, which are all based on vertical stripes of blue, yellow, and red.

Since April 2010, the Flag Day of Moldova is 27 April each year. On this day in 1990, the tricolour was officially adopted by the Supreme Soviet of the Moldavian SSR as the state flag of the country.

Historic flags

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The Flag of Mexico & a little history

The flag of Mexico, a vertical tricolour of green, white, and red from the hoist. The national coat of arms is charged in the centre of the white stripe. While the meaning of the colours has changed over the years, these three colours were adopted by Mexico following their independence from Spain during the War of Independence, and subsequent 1st Mexican Empire. The current flag was adopted in 1968, however the overall design has been used since 1821, when the First National Flag was created. The current law of national symbols, Law on the National Arms, Flag, and Anthem, that governs the use of the national flag has been in place since 1984.

Other flags of Mexico

Red, white, and green are the colours of the national liberation army in Mexico. The central emblem is the Mexican coat of arms, based on the Aztec symbol for Tenochtitlan (now referred to as Mexico City), the centre of the Aztec empire. It recalls the legend that inspired the Aztecs to settle on what was originally a lake-island. The form of the coat of arms was most recently revised in 1968. A ribbon in the national colours is at the bottom of the coat of arms. Throughout history, the flag has changed several times, as the design of the coat of arms and the length-width ratios of the flag have been modified. However, the coat of arms has had the same features throughout: an eagle, holding a serpent in its talon, is perched on top of a prickly pear cactus; the cactus is situated on a rock that rises above a lake. The coat of arms is derived from an Aztec legend that their gods told them to build a city where they spot an eagle eating a serpent, which is now Mexico City. The current national flag is also used as the Mexican naval ensign by ships registered in Mexico.

A pictorial history of flags used in Mexico:

17/04/1535 – Non-Independent Mexico (Spanish Monarchy)Flag_of_Cross_of_Burgundy.svg

1785 – 1821 Non-Independent Mexico (Spanish Monarchy)Flag_of_Spain_(1785-1873_and_1875-1931).svg

Before the adoption of the 1st National flag, various flags were used during the War of Independence from Spain. Though it was never adopted as an official flag, many historians consider the first Mexican flag to be the Standard of the Virgin of Guadalupe.


24/02/1821 Independent Mexico

24/08/1821 Independent MexicoFirst_flag_of_the_Mexican_Empire.svg

02/11/1821 Independent MexicoFlag_of_Mexico_(1821-1823).svg

During this time period (1821) the colours represented the following:Mexico-[Converted]

14/04/1823 Independent MexicoFlag_of_Mexico_(1823-1864,_1867-1893).svg

15/07/1864 Independent MexicoBandera_del_Segundo_Imperio_Mexicano_(1864-1867).svg

During this time period (1823-1864) the colours represented the following:Mexico-[Converted]2

19/06/1867 Independent MexicoFlag_of_Mexico_(1823-1864,_1867-1893).svg

01/04/1893 Independent MexicoFlag_of_Mexico_(1893-1916).svg

20/08/1916 Independent MexicoFlag_of_Mexico_(1916-1934).svg

05/02/1934 Independent MexicoFlag_of_Mexico_(1934-1968).svg

16/08/1968 Independent Mexico (current flag)Flag_of_Mexico.svg

During this time period (1867 – current) the colours represented the following:Mexico-[Converted]3

The National Flag of Mauritius

Also known as The Four Bands & Les Quatre Bandes(French), was adopted on 12/03/1968. It is constructed from four horizontal bands of equal width, coloured (from top to bottom) red, blue, yellow, and green. The flag was officially recorded at the College of Arms in London on 09/01/1968.

The civil ensign & government ensign are red and blue flags, respectively, both with the national flag in the upper left canton and the coat of arms of Mauritius centred in the fly.

The naval ensign (used by coast guard vessels) is a completely separate design consisting of red, white, and blue vertical stripes of unequal widths defaced by a central anchor & key emblem.

The colours of the national flag represent the following:

  • Red:  The bloodshed at the time of slavery and colonisation.
  • Blue: The Indian Ocean
  • Yellow: The new light of independence shining over the island & the golden sunshine.
  • Green: The lush vegetation of the island.

The official flag ratio is a 2:3 proportion

The flag of Mauritius hasn’t always been The Four Bands, take a look back in history and see what was flown dating back to 1638;


Dutch Mauritius; Flag of the Dutch East India Company (1638–1710)


Isle de France; Royal Standard of the King of France (1715–1792)


Isle de France; Flag of France (1792–1810)


British Mauritius Colonial flag (1869-1906)


British Mauritius Colonial flag (1906-1923)


British Mauritius Colonial flag (1923-1968)

Also, here’s one we made earlier!

Sewn MoD grade flaf of Mauritius – Flying Colours Flagmakers Ltd

Flag of Mauritania

The National flag of Mauritania

A sovereign state in North West Africa. The flag was adopted on 01/04/1959. It was introduced by Moktar Ould Daddah, & the subsequent constitution of 22/03/1959. It is almost unique among the national flags of the world as it does not contain any of the three most common colours used in national flags; red, white, or blue. The only other flag which can claim this feature is Jamaica.

Sewn Jamaica flag
Flying Colours Flagmakers Ltd

Libya was part of this little collective until Muammar Gaddafi was overthrown in 2011.


Mauritania flag design

The green and gold of the flag are traditional Pan-African Colours, featured on many of the other African nations flags, for example:

Left: Togo. Upper right: Guinea. Lower right: Benin

The green of the Mauritania flag represents Islam, the gold is to symbolise the Sahara desert. The crescent and star are a symbol of Islam, the country’s leading religion.

Unusually there is no official specification for the measurements of the star & crescent, however the flag’s ratio is a common 2:3.

Unlike the seal;


The exact flag is specified, not merely the right for a law to specify it at some later date. However, the flag has its official basis in the earlier constitution of 22/03/1959; no changes were made after the country’s declaration of independence in 1960.