The National Flag of Malta

The national Flag of Malta 


(Maltese: Bandiera ta’ Malta) is a basic bi-colour, with white in the hoist and red in the fly. A representation of the George Cross, awarded to Malta by George VI in 1942 is carried, edged with red, in the canton of the white stripe.

Tradition states that the colours of the flag were given to Malta by Roger I of Sicily in 1090. Roger’s fleet landed in Malta on the completion of the Norman conquest of Sicily. It is said that local Christians offered to fight by Roger’s side against the Arab defenders. In order to recognise the locals fighting on his side from the defenders, Roger reportedly tore off part of his chequered red-and-white flag. This story has, however, been debunked as a 19th-century myth, possibly even earlier due to the Mdina, Malta’s old capital, associating its colours with Roger’s in the late Middle Ages.

The flag of the Knights of Malta, a white cross on a red field, was a more likely source of the Maltese colours, inspiring the red and white shield used during the British colonial period.


The George Cross originally appeared on the flag placed on a blue canton (see List of flags of Malta). The flag was changed on 21 September 1964 with Malta’s independence when the blue canton was replaced by a red fimbriation the intention being that the Cross appear less prominent. The flag has remained unchanged since.

The Maltese national flag bears a decoration from another country, in this case the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. This has been the cause of occasional controversy since Malta’s independence.

Other Historic Flags of Malta

19th_Century_Flag_of_Malta_(1814_1875) Flag_of_Malta_(1875-1898) Flag_of_Malta_(1898-1923) Flag_of_Malta_(1923-1943) Flag_of_Malta_(1943-1964)

The National Flag of Mali

The flag of Mali 


is a tricolour with three equal vertical stripes. From the hoist (the place where the flagpole meets the flag) the colours are green, gold, and red, thepan-African colors. The flag is almost identical to the flag of Guinea, with the exception that the colors are in reverse order.


The flags colors have different meanings. The green stands for fertility of the land, Gold means purity and mineral wealth and lastly red symbolizes the blood shed spilt for independence from the French.

The current flag was adopted on March 1, 1961. The original flag was adopted on April 4, 1959, when Mali joined the Mali Federation. This flag was the same, except the golden stripe had a human stick figure, a kanaga, in black, with arms raised to the sky. The figure was removed due to the opposition of Islamic fundamentalists (see Aniconism in Islam, the belief against making pictures of the human figure).  (Mali is about 90% Muslim.)

kanaga Flag


The flag adopted in 1959 for the federation was an imitation of the Flag of Ghana, but following the style of the French Tricolore. It was charged with a black emblem known as a kanaga, a stylized human figure. The colors were intended to reflect a unity with other African nations. After the two countries split in 1960, the flag was kept for use in Mali until March 1, 1961, when the kanaga emblem was dropped.

The National Flag of The Republic of Maldives

The flag of the Republic of Maldives 


The flag is red with a large green rectangle in the center bearing a vertical white crescent; the closed side of the crescent is on the hoist side of the flag. It was adopted on July 25, 1965.

The red rectangle represents the boldness of the nation’s heroes, and their willingness to sacrifice their every drop of blood in defense of their country. The green rectangle in the center symbolizes peace and prosperity. The whitecrescent moon symbolizes a state of unifiedIslamic faith.

The earliest flag of the Maldives consisted of a plain red field. Later, a black and white striped hoistcalled the Dhandimathi (Dhivehi: ދަނޑިމަތި) was added to the flag.

Earliest flag of the Maldives, without the striped hoist.


This version of the flag was used until early in the 20th century, when Abdul Majeed Didi added a crescent to the national flag. At the same time, a distinct state flag was made, which had the crescent on a green rectangle. These changes were made some time between 1926 and 1932, during Abdul Majeed’s term as Prime Minister.

National flag introduced between 1926 and 1932 and used until 1953


In 1953, the Maldives became a republic, resulting in another flag change. The national flag was dropped and the crescent on the state flag was reversed, so that it faced the hoist. The Sultanate was restored in 1954, but the flag was not changed back. Instead, Muhammad Fareed Didi created a new flag specifically for the Sultan, with a five-pointed star next to the crescent. A version of this flag is still used today as the Presidential Standard.

Sultan’s Standard with star, used from 1954 to 1965


When the Maldives gained independence in 1965, the black and white hoist was removed, giving the flag its modern form.

Other flags used in History

Flag_of_the_United_Suvadive_Republic.svg 600px-Flag_of_the_Maldives_1953.svg Old_State_Flag_of_Maldives.svg 600px-Flag_of_the_Maldives_until_1903.svg  720px-Presidential_standard_of_the_Maldives.svg   720px-Flag_of_Maldives.svg

County Durham Flag Finalists – Voting Commences

Originally posted on Andy Strangeway:

The finalists for the County Durham flag competition were announced today on BBC Newcastle and BBC Tees. The voting starts today and will close on Sunday 20 October. The winning design will be registered on the Flag Institute’s UK Flag Registry. I would like to thank everyone who entered a design, the judges who selected the six finalists and also the Flag Institute for their guidance and assistance.

Design A

County Durham Flag - Design A

The flag is based on the St Cuthbert’s cross, with the whole design counter-changed horizontally between the County Durham colours of blue and yellow.

Design B

County Durham Flag - Design B

Yellow, blue and purple are the three colours of County Durham. Yellow also represents the coast and blue represents the sea and rivers. The black represents the coal seams of County Durham. Purple is the Palatine colour of County Durham. The Sanctuary Knocker played an important part in the Cathedral’s history.

Design C

County Durham Flag - Design C


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